The first part of the word 'werewolf', wer, (or were) means 'man'. And the other part, 'wolf', generally means 'beast'.
Hence the term, 'shape-shifting'. (Transforming from man to wolf.)
Becoming a werewolfEdit
One of the simplest methods to becoming one, is to remove clothing and putting on a belt made out of wolf skin.
In Germany and France, it was said that a man could transform into one if he, on a certain day, (Monday or Friday) slept outdoors during summer with the full moon shining directly on his face.
Being bit or scratched by a werewolf is another way to be transformed.
Other methods include rubbing magic salve on the body.
You also could be bewitched into being a werewolf.
Most Legends say that werewolves are vulnerable to silver weaponry.
In many countries, Rye and Mistltoe were considered to be an effective precaution against lycantrophic attacks. As well as Mountain Ashes.
In some legends, werewolves have an aversion to wolfsbane.
Wolfsbane: Poisonous Eurasian perennial herb with broad rounded leaves and yellow flowers and fibrous rootstock.
Rye: Hardy annual cereal grass widely cultivated in Northern Europe where its grain is the chied ingridient of black bread and in North America for forage and soil improvement.
Mistletoe: Shrub of central and southeastern Europe; partially parasitic on beeches, chestnuts, and oaks.
In the medieval Europe, there are three methods to cure werewolfism; By medicine (they generally use wolfsbane). Surgically. Or exorcism.
Conversion to Christianity is also a common method for removing werewolfism in the medieval times.
A Sicilian belief to Arabic origin holds that a werewolf can be cured of its 'curse' by stabbing it on the forehead or scalp with a knife.
Another belief from this culture involves piercing of the werewolf's hands with nails.
Sometimes they use less extreme methods.
In the German lowland of Schleswig-Holstein, a werewolf can be cured by simply adressing it by its Christian name three times.
One Danish belief holds that, simply scolding a werewolf will cure it.
In the late 1800s, the Greeks believed that the dead body of a werewolf is not destroyed, they will come back to life as vampires in the form of a hyena or a wolf.
If the werewolf was a person bewitched into lycanthropy, the person will become human after nine years, provided he or she does not eat human flesh during their time as a werewolf.